An estimated 10 percent of the United States population has diabetes, according to a recent report by the Centers for Disease Control. Of the 30.3 million people included in that estimate, 23.1 million people have been diagnosed with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The remaining 7.2 likely have diabetes without knowing it. (The report did not differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, but with 90 to 95 percent of diagnosed diabetes being type 2, the statistics presented are more representative of the type 2 population.)
Here are some of the highlights from this CDC report.
- 25.2 percent of people aged 65 years or older have diabetes, compared with 17 percent of people aged 45 to 64 and 4 percent of people aged 18 to 44.
- 1.5 million new cases of adult diabetes were diagnosed in 2015 (or 6.7 per 1,000 people). More than half of these cases were in people aged between 45 and 64.
- 84.1 million people had prediabetes in 2015, which is about 33.9 percent of U.S. adults older than 18.
- “Nearly half (48.3%) of adults aged 65 years or older had prediabetes,” the report said.
- More men have diabetes than women: 36.3 percent versus 29.3 percent.
- One area in which the report did differentiate type 1 from type 2 was in reference to rates of diabetes in children. Using data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study, they determined that 17,900 people under the age of 20 years old were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2011 and 2012. 5,300 children between the ages of 10 and 19 were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the same time frame.
- “Among children and adolescents younger than age 20 years, non-Hispanic whites had the highest rate of new cases of type 1 diabetes compared to members of other U.S. racial and ethnic groups,” the report stated. “Among children and adolescents aged 10 to 19 years, U.S. minority populations had higher rates of new cases of type 2 diabetes compared to non-Hispanic whites.”
- The rates of diabetes diagnosis in minority groups are higher than in non-Hispanic whites between the years of 2011 and 2014.
- “The age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes was higher among Asians [and] non-Hispanic blacks (9 per 1000), and Hispanics (8.4 per 1000),” the report said. “American Indians/Alaska Natives had the highest prevalence of diagnosed diabetes for both men (14.9 percent) and women (15.3 percent). Prevalence varied by region, from 6.0% among Alaska Natives to 22.2% among American Indians in certain areas of the Southwest.”
- Despite this, “prevalence of prediabetes was similar among racial and ethnic groups,” the report said.
- The highest rates of diabetes diagnosis in 2013 were in the Appalachian regions, Mississippi, Alabama, and Puerto Rico. The lowest rates of diagnosis are in Colorado, Alaska, and Vermont.
- “Prevalence varied significantly by education level, which is an indicator of socioeconomic status,” according to the report. “12.6 percent of adults with less than a high school education had diagnosed diabetes versus 9.5 percent of those with a high school education and 7.2 percent of those with more than a high school education.”
- Diagnosed diabetes cost Americans a total of $245 billion in 2012.
- Individuals with diabetes spent about $13,700 on medical care in 2012. About $7,900 was directly for diabetes care.
- Individuals with diabetes spent about 2.3 times more money on medical care than people who do not have diabetes.
These numbers were reached using the approximate population of the United States in conjunction with data from a number of national surveys, including the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), IHS National Data Warehouse (NDW), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), United States Diabetes Surveillance System (USDSS).