Good nutrition without physical activity is like eating one-half of a really tasty sandwich. Although the half maybe nourishing and appealing, it isn’t fully satisfying. To achieve good health and excellent glycemic control you need both halves of the sandwich. Just as you may need a dietitian partner to help you maneuver the serpentine world of healthy eating, a guide in your exercise journey can be a lifesaver, also.
National Exercise Month is a good time to talk about the dietitian’s partner, the exercise physiologist (EP). Now most people are familiar with dietitians and have some idea of what they do and why seeing one would be a good idea if you have diabetes. However, determining why their doctor wrote out a referral for an appointment with an exercise physiologist may leave a lot of people scratching their heads.
Some people confuse exercise physiologists with physical therapists. Physical therapists help restore muscle and limb function after people have had an injury, but you don’t have to be injured to benefit from the services of an EP (such as Joslin’s own Manager of Exercise Physiology, Jackie Shahar M.Ed., R.C.E.P., C.D.E.,). Planning for and starting an exercise program can be challenging for many people with diabetes. EPs can help you learn how to exercise safely no matter what your starting condition is.
Excess weight, joint problems, diabetes complications such as retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy all require specialized techniques to make exercising safe. EPs have the anatomical training to be able to recommend exercises that will improve your cardiovascular and muscle strength without worsening your other medical condition(s).
The EP is trained to identify lifestyle-related issues that promote poor health and to design and implement a behavior-based treatment plan aimed at modifying those lifestyle behaviors. Lack of time and distaste are two of the reasons people give for not wanting to exercise. One of the EPs strength’s is the ability to match exercises to your lifestyle.
The EP will first analyze your current fitness level, and come up with a complete, individual exercise plan to improve your cardiovascular function and blood glucose control that takes into account your medical condition(s). Says Jackie– “For people with diabetes, an exercise physiologist is an excellent choice as a coach because he/she understands how exercise can affect blood glucose levels.“
According to Health Careers.org, the Board Certified Exercise Physiologist (EPC) is trained to:
- Administer exercise stress tests in healthy and unhealthy populations
- Evaluate a person’s overall health, with special attention to cardiovascular function and metabolism
- Develop individualized exercise prescriptions to increase physical fitness, strength, endurance, and flexibility
- Design customized exercise programs to meet health care needs and athletic performance goals
EPs must have a degree in exercise physiology and/or has been certified by the American Society of Exercise Physiologists (ASEP).The coursework includes hard science courses such as Kinesiology (functional anatomy), biomechanics, exercise physiology, psychophysiology, cardiac rehabilitation, exercise testing and prescription, ECG interpretation, and statistics.
You might consider seeing an EP in the following circumstances
- newly diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes
- trying to prevent diabetes
- trying to lose weight or gain weight
- seeking help in getting your blood glucose under control with exercise
- trying to improve your aerobic capacity or increase muscle mass
- diagnosed with other health conditions besides diabetes that will benefit from an exercise plan (e.g. high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high body fat)
- finding an exercise regimen that best fits your goals, health conditions, culture and lifestyle
Not every recognized diabetes education program has an exercise physiologist on staff. If your program doesn’t, ask your health care provider for a referral to an independent practitioner or check out the American College of Sports Medicine ProFinder website: http://certification.acsm.org/pro-finder