by Ann S. Williams, Ph.D., R.N., C.D.E.
I have had type 2 diabetes since 1991. I was already a diabetes educator when I diagnosed my own diabetes, and soon told my doctor about it.
Because I had severe side effects with oral medications, I have used insulin from the first year. After doing multiple injections for several years, I got an insulin pump, and have managed my diabetes with a pump ever since then.
As a diabetes educator, I have seen all the major diabetes complications in my patients, so I am highly motivated to prevent complications in myself. Therefore, I have done intensive management from the beginning, trying to keep my blood sugar as close to normal as possible. Of course, it’s nearly impossible to do this perfectly. So at times, I have low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia.
On the day this story begins, I was lying on my bed. A little circular thought was running around my brain, saying, “I don’t feel so good …. I wonder what’s happening to me …. I really don’t feel good …. I wonder what this is …. I don’t feel good …. I wonder …..” Round and round this thought went, repeating itself over and over.
Suddenly, I felt a cold, wet nose and a fuzzy snout against my neck. My dog, Yoda, was pushing against my neck. He is small – only about 11 pounds – but he was pushing with all his might. Finally, it occurred to me that he wanted me to get up. I stood up, still not feeling so good and wondering what was happening to me.
Yoda pushed against the back of my leg. A drop of sweat dripped off the end of my nose. That drop of sweat broke through my circular wondering with a fact: Sweat dripping off the end of my nose is one of my personal signs of hypoglycemia. I realized I was having low blood sugar, so I went and checked it. It was 57 – low enough that I needed to treat it, so I ate four glucose tablets. Fifteen minutes later, my blood sugar was 72, so I knew I had treated it enough. Later, I thought about what had happened, and I realized that Yoda had been signaling me.
I had heard that dogs sometimes alert their owners to hypoglycemia, but never expected that Yoda, at the age of eight years, would suddenly be one of them. I wondered if he would do it again. To make a long story short, my old dog had indeed learned a new trick. He has signaled me every time I have had hypoglycemia in his presence for about the last year.
After my experience, I became very curious about dogs that alert their owners to hypoglycemia, and searched the terms “diabetes alert dog” and “diabetes service dog” on the Internet. I learned that there are four schools in the U.S. that train dogs for this purpose. I also found several newspaper and magazine stories about dogs that, like Yoda, spontaneously started alerting their owners to hypoglycemia.
After reading about all of these dogs, I decided that it would be helpful if I were certain that Yoda would always alert me, and to have him with me more of the time. In order to do that, I needed him to learn better manners for being in public. Although he was trained well enough to be a good pet, a service dog must have a higher standard of good behavior. While the Americans with Disabilities Act does guarantee that service dogs can accompany their humans in public, this right would apply only if the dog has excellent public behavior. A service-dog owner whose dog is out of control or threatening in public can be asked to remove the dog.
I found a service-dog trainer in my area, and Yoda and I met with her. I learned more than I knew there was to know about dog training, and once I knew the training techniques, Yoda learned very quickly. He now has a service-dog vest, and he knows that when he is wearing the vest he must be on his best behavior.
For most of the last year, Yoda has gone with me almost everywhere. He is quite consistent about alerting me to hypoglycemia, often before I recognize that I am feeling the symptoms. (I do always check my blood sugar when he alerts me, just to be sure.) As a person with type 2 diabetes, I do not have hypoglycemia as often or as severely as many people with type 1. But Yoda’s help has improved my life. He lets me know when I have low blood sugar early in the process, while it is dropping, but before it gets really low. By treating early, I can avoid feeling awful for several hours afterwards.
So what would I say to someone who is thinking of getting a diabetes alert dog? First of all, I believe that it’s important to work with a professional service-dog trainer. A diabetes-alert dog needs to be consistent in detecting low blood sugar, for obvious safety reasons. Furthermore, as explained above, anyone who takes a dog out in public has a responsibility for that dog behaving well.
Another consideration is that training for diabetes alert dogs is relatively new. Most service-dog trainers do not know the training techniques. Therefore, I think a person who wants a diabetes-alert dog should probably get one from one of the schools.
Now, here I have to add a disclaimer: I do not have any personal experience with any of the schools. I only know what I have read on their web sites. If you want a diabetes-alert dog, I would suggest that you contact all of them. Some will only serve people from a particular part of the country. The amount of time that you would spend with your dog in training, and the fee for a dog, can be very different at different schools. I imagine that there might be differences in their training procedures. You’ll have to find out as much as you can from the schools, and then make the decision that you think is best for you.
Having said all that, I hope that if you decide to get a diabetes-alert dog, your experience is as good as mine has been. Please let me know! You can contact me through the editor of the National Federation of the Blind’s Voice of the Diabetic.
Note: This article and photo appeared originally on the website of the National Federation of the Blind, and are being used with the permission on both the NFB and the author, Ann. S. Williams.
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